Surrey Heath Draft Local Plan Issues Options/Preferred Options, 2018

Other Types of Homes we need to Plan For

Custom and Self-build

3.32 The Self-Build and Custom Housebuilding Act 2015 requires local authorities to keep a register of people and associations that are looking for land to build self-build or custom build housing. The delivery of self-build/custom build plots is supported by Government. The Self Build Register held by Surrey Heath indicates an interest in self-build/custom build housing. The 2017 SLAA indicates that some sites put forward recognise the opportunity for self-build/custom build. The council will expect strategic sites to provide proportion of service plots to be set aside for self-build/custom build.

 

Policy Approaches to Self-Build/Custom Build

3.33 The preferred policy approach and an alternative approach to self-build/custom build are set out below.

Preferred Policy Approach to Self-Build and Custom Build Housing

The aim of this policy approach is to provide the opportunity for the delivery of self-build/custom build housing by having a policy that:

  • Seeks a proportion of developable plots on allocated sites to be set aside for self-build / custom build housing;
  • Identifies other sites where self-build/custom build development has been promoted through the SLAA;
  • Sets out the size of the plot, having regard to information on the Self Build Register;
  • Seeks to ensure that self-build /custom build developments are completed for occupation within three years;
  • Seeks to ensure that where self-build/custom build plots are made available these remain for this use unless it can be demonstrated that there is no longer a requirement for these plots.

Alternative Approach to Self-Build and Custom Build Housing

To seek a proportion of self-build/custom build housing on all sites above 10 units.

 

Rural Exception Housing

3.34 In general housing development in the Countryside beyond the Green Belt and within the Green Belt is inappropriate and will not be supported. However there are circumstances where the provision of rural exception sites within these areas may be appropriate. The development of rural exception sites will be dependent on there being an up to date proven local need for affordable housing. Rural Exception sites will need to be on land directly adjoining villages within the Borough.

3.35 In bringing forward Rural Exception Sites for housing applicants will be required to enter into a legal agreement to ensure that all affordable housing on the site remains available to rent by people with a local connection in perpetuity. A local connection is considered to be current residents, or people with a family or employment connection to the Parish.

3.36 It is recognised that on rural exception sites there may be a need for a small element of market housing if it helps deliver the rest of the development. The market housing element should be no more than 30% of the scheme.

 

Policy Approaches to Rural Exception Housing

3.37 The preferred policy approach and an alternative approach to rural exception housing are set out below.

Preferred Policy Approach to Rural Exception Sites

The aim of this policy approach is to enable affordable housing in perpetuity for people with a local connection to a village or parish by having a policy

that:

  • Supports small scale developments of affordable housing on land outside of settlements but adjoining a village providing that it:
  • Addresses a proven local need and the housing is affordable and available in perpetuity to those with a local connection
  • Includes a mix of dwelling sizes
  • Allow for an element of no more than 30% market housing to be provided where it allows for the delivery of affordable housing on the remainder of the site
  • Sets out that Starter homes are not considered an appropriate form of affordable housing in respect of the rural exception policy.

Alternative Approach to Rural Exception Sites

To not have a specific rural exception policy but to consider schemes against Countryside and Green Belt policies in the Local Plan.

This approach may not ensure that these sites remained for rural exception housing in perpetuity.

 

Specialist Housing

3.38 Over the Plan period and in line with demographic trends there will be an increase of older people living in Surrey Heath. As such there is likely to be a requirement for more specially adapted housing and care accommodation to meet the needs of this group. The 2016 SHMA estimates potential requirements for sheltered, extra care and residential homes of circa 310 per annum over the Housing Market Area, of this amount circa 200 would be delivered as general C3 housing in the form of sheltered or extra care housing or housing designed to meet the needs of an older population, including single storey homes. The remaining circa 110 dwellings would be delivered as C2 specialist housing (residential institutions). The Council does recognise that some of this need may be met by adaptation to older people's homes, and the provision of adaptable accessible homes, as well as by providing extra care or C2 housing accommodation.

 

Policy Approaches to Specialist Housing

3.39 The preferred approach and an alternative approach to the provision of specialist housing are set out below.

Preferred Policy Approach to Specialist Housing

The aim of this preferred policy approach is to provide for C2 housing to help meet the needs of older persons or those requiring specialist care by having a policy that:

  • Seeks specialist housing to be located where it has access to appropriate services and facilities where these are not provided on site
  • Seeks the provision of specialist housing within settlement areas in the first instance or if located outside of settlement areas it has been proven that there are no suitable or viable alternatives within the settlement area
  • Ensures that Habitat Regulations in terms of impact on the Thames Basin Heaths SPA can be met.

Alternative Approach to Specialist Housing

To not have a specific policy for specialist housing but to consider these types of development in line with other policies in the Local Plan.

 

Loss of Housing

3.40 Having regard to the constraints to delivering housing within Surrey Heath the Council considers that the existing housing stock should not be lost. Proposals that lead to a net loss of housing stock will generally be resisted unless there is clear justification for such a loss. The preferred approach to the loss of housing is set out below.

 

Policy Approaches to Loss of Housing

3.41 The preferred policy approach and an alternative approach to loss of housing are set out below.

Preferred Policy Approach to Loss of Housing

The aim of this preferred policy approach is to seek the retention of existing housing stock in the Borough by having a policy that:

  • seeks to minimise the loss of homes in the Borough by resisting development that would involve the net loss of residential units, unless it can be demonstrated that the proposal will:
  • Enable sub-standard units to be enlarged to meet residential space standards set out in national policy or set by the Council;
  • Be a more appropriate use because of existing environmental conditions;
  • Ensure that a building of architectural or historic importance can be retained or renovated;
  • Provide an essential community facility which cannot be provided elsewhere or another form of residential accommodation, such as a change of use of C3 (general housing) to C2 use ( residential institutions)
  • not have a detrimental impact on the remaining residential use, including impact on living space and residential amenity

Alternative Approach to Loss of Housing

To not have a specific policy in respect for loss of housing but to consider applications which result in a loss of housing on a case by case basis.