Surrey Heath Draft Local Plan Issues Options/Preferred Options, 2018

Design

8.1 This section of the Issues and Options/Preferred Options document considers design. Good design is essential to the creation of sustainable, vibrant and prosperous places. The Council is committed to achieving high quality design that responds to and enhances the unique character and sense of place of each of the Borough's towns and villages, whether urban or rural.

National Policy Context

8.2 In the preparation of this section, regard has been had to Section 7 (Paragraphs 56 - 68) of the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF), 2012, which sets out the Government's approach to design and advertisements.

8.3 Regard has also been had to recent Housing Technical Standards/Optional Standards introduced by the Government. These include a national space standard for new dwellings and standards for water efficiency, access and waste.

View the national policies relating to heritage in more detail, which are located in the online version of the Government's National Planning Policy Framework.

Local Strategies and Evidence

8.4 Surrey Heath's Five Year Strategy covers the period 2017 - 2021 and sets out the main challenges facing the Borough under four key themes - 'place', 'prosperity', 'people' and 'performance'. The Council's principal objective in relation to 'place' is to make Surrey Heath an even better place where people are happy to live. This will be achieved by reducing waste, working with key partners to keep the Borough a very safe place to live and by encouraging sustainable living and construction through the promotion of high quality building and design standards.

8.5 The Council's principal objective in relation to 'prosperity' is to support and promote the Borough's local economy so that people can work and do business across Surrey Heath. This will be achieved investment by promoting Surrey Heath as a great place to live and work. Good design has the capacity to help promote Surrey Heath as a great place to live and work.

View the Five Year Strategy, located on the Council's website.

8.6 The Council has adopted a number of other Supplementary Planning and Guidance Documents that add detail to existing strategic design policies contained within the Surrey Heath Core Strategy and Development Management Policies Development Plan Document. These documents will be carried forward through the new Local Plan process. These include:

  • Residential Design Guide Supplementary Planning Document (SPD);
  • The Western Urban Area Character SPD;
  • Lightwater and West End Village Design Statements;
  • Deepcut SPD;
  • Camberley Town Centre Masterplan and Public Realm Strategy SPD.

8.7 Three Neighbourhood Plans are under development within the Borough, covering the Parish of Chobham, Windlesham Ward and the Deepcut Neighbourhood Plan Area. Once adopted, these documents will become statutory documents within the plan making process.

8.8 The following Policies will be replaced in the new Local Plan (2016 - 2032):

Relevant Policies in the adopted CSDMP DPD 2012

  • Policy CP2 Sustainable Development and Design;
  • Policy DM9 Design Principles;
  • Policy DM11 Traffic Management and Highway Safety.

Relevant Policies in the adopted CTC AAP

  • Policy TC11 General Design;
  • Policy TC12 High Street Character Area;
  • TC13 The Public Realm.

Draft Objectives for Design Policies

8.9 The following table sets out the draft objective for heritage and design in the Issues and Options/Preferred Options consultation draft Local Plan.

Objective J

To conserve and enhance the Borough's built environment and heritage assets, both designated and non-designated.

 

Policy Approaches to Design and Character

8.10 The preferred Policy approach and an alternative approach to design and character are set out below. The preferred approach sets out a series of policies which seek to ensure the delivery of high quality development that promotes safe and sustainable living and enhances local character and distinctiveness. The Council will use the Design Panel Review process on housing schemes in excess of 50 dwellings (gross) and any other developments where the new floor area exceeds 10,000 sq m (gross).

Preferred policy approach to design

The aim of this policy approach is to have an overarching Design policy which requires new development to:

  • Encourage efficient use of land;
  • Include high-quality design that respects the character and appearance of the local area, taking account of any relevant designations;
  • Have consideration for residential amenity, including privacy, outlook (overbearing impact), daylight and sunlight;
  • Ensure that adequate curtilage development, including amenity space, outbuildings, hardstanding, bike and waste storage and boundary treatments can be accommodated without detriment to character and amenity. Waste storage should be designed to allow accessibility by refuse vehicles.
  • Promote designs and layouts which take account of the need to adapt to and mitigate against the effects of climate change, including the use of renewable energy;
  • Incorporate measures that reduce the possibility of crime and fear of crime;
  • Facilitates provision of IT and other communications technology to allow for flexible working practises;
  • Demonstrate how sustainable construction standards and techniques have been incorporated into their design. Major commercial developments over 1,000 sq m gross floor space will be required to meet BREEAM 'very good' standard overall (or any future national equivalent) and BREEAM 'excellent' standard for water consumption (or any future national equivalent);
  • Provides roads to adoptable standards;
  • Provides drainage to adoptable standards;
  • Demonstrate that the requirements of this Policy and Supplementary Planning Documents and Guidance have been taken into consideration in the design of development.

Alternative approach to design

  • Retain existing Core Strategy and Development Management Policy DM9. This is not considered to be a suitable option as the Policy lacks detail. The Policy also references the Code for Sustainable Homes and is therefore out of date.

 

Preferred policy approach to space standards:

Having a Space Standards policy which requires new homes to as a minimum:

  • Meets the Governments nationally described space standards.

Alternative approach

  • No Policy - there is no requirement to have a space standard Policy and we cannot implement our own locally derived space standards policy. Evidence indicates that we should adopt the nationally described space standards.

 

Preferred policy approach to sustainable water use

Having a Sustainable Water Use policy which requires new homes to:

  • Meet water efficiency standards of 110 litres per person per day;
  • Make use of grey water technology;
  • Provide opportunities for collection of rainwater.

Alternative approach

  • No Policy - rely on lower water efficiency standards required by building control. The Hart, Rushmoor and Surrey Heath Water Cycle Study indicates that Surrey Heath lies within a water stressed area where a standard of 110 litres per day would be appropriate.

 

Preferred policy approach to trees

Having a Trees policy which requires new development to:

  • Ensure that development does not result in the loss of, or have a negative impact on, ancient woodland, ancient and veteran trees and trees that make a positive contribution to the wooded character of the Borough;
  • Include proposals for the successful implementation, maintenance and management of landscape and tree planting schemes.

Alternative approaches

  • No Policy. Rely on guidance set out within the National Planning Policy Framework. This would provide less detail than set out in the above Policy.
  • Integrate trees into the overarching design policy. This would have a similar effect to the above, but may make the Local Plan harder to navigate.

 

Preferred policy approach to parking and highway safety

Having a Parking and Highway Safety policy which requires new development to:

  • Provide safe and suitable access arrangements for all potential users;
  • Provide an on-site movement layout compatible for all potential users;
  • Incorporate accessible waste collection points;
  • Incorporate electric charging points;
  • To provide new locally set parking standards for Surrey Heath.

Alternative approaches

  • No Policy. Rely on guidance set out within the National Planning Policy Framework. This would provide less detail than set out in the above Policy;
  • To retain Policy DM11 of the Surrey Heath Core Strategy and Development Management Policies DPD. This would provide less detail than set out in the above Policy;
  • Provide parking provision in accordance with Surrey County Council standards that takes account of guidance contained within the Residential Design Guide Supplementary Planning Document;
  • To integrate parking and highways into an overarching transport infrastructure policy. This would have a similar effect to the above, but may make the Local Plan harder to navigate.

 

Preferred policy approach to shopfronts and advertisements

Having a Shopfronts and Advertisements policy which requires new development for shopfronts and advertisements to:

  • Ensure that the scale, design, colour, number and illumination of advertisements respect the character and appearance of the local area, including Conservation Areas;
  • Ensure that the design of shopfronts, including blinds, canopies and shutters respect the character of the area, including Conservation Areas;
  • Ensure that the premises are accessible.

Alternative approach to Shopfronts and Advertisements

  • No Policy. Rely on guidance set out within the National Planning Policy Framework. This would provide less detail than set out in the above Policy. This may not safeguard character.