Surrey Heath Draft Local Plan Issues Options/Preferred Options, 2018

Appendix 1: Glossary

Glossary of Terms

Area Action Plan (AAP)

A Development Plan Document Plan for a specific area, such as the Camberley Town Centre AAP.

Affordable Housing

Defined as social rented, affordable rented and intermediate housing which is provided to eligible households whose needs are not met by the market.

The NPPF (2012) defines affordable housing as "Social rented, affordable rented and intermediate housing, provided to eligible households whose needs are not met by the market. Intermediate housing is homes for sale and rent provided at a cost above social rent, but below market levels. These can include shared equity (shared ownership and equity loans), other low cost homes for sale and intermediate rent, but not affordable rented housing."

Article 4 direction

A direction which withdraws automatic planning permission granted by the General Permitted Development Order.

 

Authority Monitoring Report (AMR).

An annual report which includes an update of how Local Plan policies are being delivered.

BREEAM

Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method - is a method for assessing, rating and certifying the sustainability of buildings.

Brownfield Land Register

The Housing and Planning Act 2016 requires local authorities to prepare, maintain and publish a register of brownfield land. The register identifies previously developed sites in the Borough that have been assessed as being suitable for housing.

Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL)

A levy that local authorities can choose to charge on new developments in their area. The charges are based on formulae relating to the size and type of the new development, and money can be used to support development by funding infrastructure that the Council, local community and neighbourhoods require.

Conservation Area

Areas of special architectural or historic interest which are designated to offer greater protection to the built and natural environment.

Core Strategy

Forms the principal element of the Council's current Local Plan and is a Development Plan Document. It is a high level document containing the Council's long-term aspirations for the Borough, and policies to guide and manage development in Surrey Heath until 2028.

Development Plan Document (DPD).

The Town and Country Planning (Local Planning) (England) Regulations 2012 refers to these as the Local Plan. It is the main planning policy document produced by the Council and forms the statutory development plan for the area.

District Centre

A District Centre is a large group of retail shops, together with appropriate supporting non-retail facilities and services, which collectively form a coherent shopping centre. The retail emphasis in District Centres is on food and other convenience goods, though larger Centres can also support a wide range of comparison goods and other essential services.

Duty to Co-operate

A legal duty on local planning authorities to engage constructively, actively and on an ongoing basis to maximise the effectiveness of local plan preparation in the context of strategic cross-boundary matters

Economic Strategy

A development strategy to provide the overarching strategyfor economic development in Surrey Heath.

Employment Land Review

A technical study that identifies employment land to meet the needs of the Hart, Rushmoor and Surrey Heath Functional Economic Area (FEA) over the local plan period.

Enterprise M3 Local Enterprise Partnership (LEP)

LEPs are partnerships between local authorities and businesses within a specific geographic area which play a central role in determining local economic priorities and undertaking activities to drive economic growth and the creation of local jobs. The Enterprise M3 LEP covers North Hampshire and West Surrey, and includes Surrey Heath.

Five Year Strategy

The Council's Five Year Strategy sets out the approach to challenges in the Borough under the themes of Place, Prosperity, Performance and People. The Strategy forms the basis for the Council's Annual Plan.

Flood Zones

Flood Zones refer to the probability of river flooding, ignoring the presence of defences. They are shown on the Environment Agency's Flood Map. Flood Zone 1 is low probability; Flood Zone 2 is medium probability; Flood Zone 3a is high probability and Flood Zone 3b is functional flood plain where land has to be stored or flows at times of flooding.

Functional Economic Area

Considers the geographical extent of the local economy and its key markets. Local authorities need to be aware of the functional economic area within which they are located to understand their role in economic development terms within this wider geographic area.

Green Belt

In Surrey Heath, Green Belt refers to the Metropolitan Green Belt. The designation accounts for 44% of the land area of Surrey Heath.

Green Infrastructure

A network of multi-functional green space, urban and rural, which is capable of delivering a wide range of environmental and quality of life benefits for local communities

Government's standardised methodology

A standardised approach set out by Government to determine the objectively Assessed housing needs of an area.

Gypsies and Travellers

Persons of nomadic habit of life whatever their race or origin, including such persons who on grounds only of their own or their family's or dependants' educational or health needs or old agehave ceased to travel temporarily, but excluding members of an organised group of travelling showpeople or circus people travelling together as such.

Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation Assessment (GTAA)

An assessment of need in respect of the Gypsy and Traveller and Travelling Showpeople communities.

Habitats Regulations Assessment (HRA)

Also known as an 'Appropriate Assessment'. Used to assess the impacts of proposals and land-use plans against the conservation objectives of a European protected site and to ascertain whether it would adversely affect the integrity of that site.

Heritage Asset

Parts of the historic environment that have significance because of their historic, archaeological, architectural or artistic interest. They include designated heritage assets (such as listed buildings and conservation areas) and assets identified by the local planning authority during the process of decision-making or through the plan-making process.

Housing Market Area

The general area within which people most often move home. These typically cover the administrative areas of multiple councils.

Infrastructure Needs Assessment

Sets out he baseline of infrastructure in the Borough and forms the first part of developing an infrastructure needs study.

Listed Building

Buildings which are identified as having special architectural or historic importance and so are protected from demolition or inappropriate alteration or development by legislation and by planning policies. Protection also applies to certain other structures within the curtilage of Listed Buildings. The categories of listed buildings are:· Grade I - buildings of exceptional interest· Grade II - buildings of special interest· Grade II* - buildings of more than special interest.

Local Centre

A local centreoffers a smaller range of facilities than those present in a District Centre. They play an important role in meeting the day-to-day shopping needs for communities.

Local Development Framework (LDF)

This is the name given to a portfolio of local planning documents that help guide and manage development. These include Development Plan Documents and Supplementary Planning Documents. The LDF also places a strong emphasis on having a sound and up-to-date evidence base.

Local Development Scheme (LDS)

The LDS sets out Surrey Heath Borough Council's programme for preparing future planning documents. It outlines what documents the Council will be working on and a timetable for the production of these documents.

Local Plan

A Local Plan document sets out the policies and site allocations which will form the basis for future land use planning and be used to determine planning applications. These documents are statutory documents accorded legal status under the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2012.

Locally Important Employment Site

A site that is not considered to fulfil the function of a Strategic Employment Site but which is recognised for the important role it plays in servicing the local economy. Such sites are generally smaller employment sites that provide locations to support local businesses.

Local Transport Plan

A statutory document prepared by Surrey County Council to set out key transport issues across the County and to establish a series of objectives to address them, including a programme for achieving them. The document is submitted to the Department for Transport and can be used to secure funds to deliver local projects.

Market Housing

Private housing for rent or for sale, where the price is set in the open market.

National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF)

The NPPF sets out the Government's planning policies for England and how these are expected to be applied at the local level. Local Planning Authorities must take the content into account in preparing Local Plans and in decision making.

Neighbourhood Centre

A small-scale centre which can include a mix of small-scale retail and service uses to provide for the needs of the local community.

Neighbourhood Forums

Neighbourhood Forums are groups set up to represent their neighbourhood input into the planning process. The groups may meet regularly to discuss planning issues affecting the local area and provide an opportunity for community involvement. Such groups could be formed in response to a single issue or large scale planning application, or meet regularly as a recognised community group involved with the Borough Council in planning matters.

Neighbourhood Planning

Neighbourhood planning is a key part of the Localism Act. It gives local communities greater power to shape development by having a direct role in the development of planning policies at a local level. Within Surrey Heath, neighbourhood planning can be undertaken by Parish Councils or Neighbourhood Forums

Permitted Development Rights

Permitted Development Rights are a national grant of planning permission which allow certain building works and changes of use to be carried out without having to make a planning application. They are subject to conditions and limitations.

Planning Permission in Principle

A type of permission that a Local Planning Authority may grant for housing-led development either on application or through identifying land in qualifying documents, such as Local Plans, Neighbourhood Plans or Brownfield Registers.

Planning Practice Guidance (PPG)

The PPG is a web based resource which contains guidance to supplement the NPPF. It was first published March 2014, and is regularly updated.

Previously Developed Land

Land which is or was occupied by a permanent structure, including the curtilage of the developed land (although it should not be assumed that the whole of the curtilage should be developed) and any associated fixed surface infrastructure.

Primary Shopping frontage

An area where retail development is concentrated. The extent of the primary shopping frontages will be set through the Local Plan process.

Rural Exception Housing Site

Small sites used for affordable housing in perpetuity where sites would not normally be used for housing. Rural exception sites seek to address the needs of the local community by accommodating households who are either current residents or have an existing family or employment connection. Small numbers of market homes may be allowed at the local authority's discretion, for example where essential to enable the delivery of affordable units without grant funding.

Secondary retail frontage

The secondary retail frontage includes some retail uses as well as a greater diversity of other uses, such as restaurants, cinemas and businesses. The extent of the secondary shopping frontages will be set through the Local Plan process.

Self-Build and Custom Housebuilding Register

The Self-Build and Custom Housebuilding Act 2015 places a duty on local councils in England to keep and have regard to a register of people who are interested in self-build or custom-build projects in their area. This register will help inform the Council of the level of demand for self-build and custom-build plots in Surrey Heath.

Self-build/Custom Build

Self-Build refers to projects where an individual or an association of individuals directly organises the design and construction of new homes. Custom build refers to projects where an individual or an association of individuals work with a specialist developer to deliver new homes.

Settlement Boundary

The boundary set in a Local Plan around settlements in the Borough.

Sites of Special Scientific Interest

Areas of special interest by reason of their flora, fauna, geological or physiological features. They are protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act.

Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) are strictly protected sites designated under the EC Habitats Directive.

Specialist Housing

Housing specifically designated to meet the identified needs of older people and people with support needs. It can include extra care housing.

Step up Town

The Enterprise M3 Local Enterprise Partnership (LEP) sets out that a Step up Town is one that with the right investment, has the potential to contribute more to the economy.

Statement of Community Involvement (SCI).

The Statement of Community Involvement (SCI) sets out the Council's approach for involving the community in the preparation and revision of local development documents and planning applications.

Strategic Employment Area

Areas which contain sites that are considered to fulfil a strategic function within the Functional Economic Area (FEA).

Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)

Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is the process by which environmental considerations are required to be fully integrated into the preparation of plans and programmes. In plan making it is usually incorporated into the Sustainability Appraisal document.

Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (SFRA)

A study that provides information on the probability of flooding from all sources, such as that from rivers, surface water, groundwater and sewers. The SFRA is used to ensure that, in allocating land or determining applications, development is located in areas at lowest risk of flooding.

Strategic Housing Market Assessment (SHMA)

A study to identify the scale and mix of housing and the range of tenures that the local population is likely to need over the plan period. This also sets the Objectively Assessed Housing Need (OAHN) for the Housing Market Area (HMA).

Strategic Land Availability Assessment (SLAA)

The primary purpose of the SLAA is to:

  • identify sites with the potential for housing;
  • assess how many homes they could provide; and
  • assess when they could be developed.

The SLAA is an important evidence source to inform plan-making. It does not in itself determine whether a site should be allocated for housing development.

Suitable Alternative Natural Green Space (SANG)

A specifically identified green space provided in areas where development could bring increased visitor pressure on Special Protection Areas (SPAs). SANGs are a central element of the Council's Avoidance and Mitigation Strategy for the Thames Basin Heaths SPA. They aim to reduce pressure on the SPA by providing attractive green spaces that people can use for recreation instead of the SPA.

Supplementary Planning Document (SPD)

These are documents that provide further information and additional detail to the policies within the Local Plan.

Sustainability Appraisal incorporating a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SA/SEA)

A Sustainability Appraisal (SA) is a tool used to appraise planning policy documents in order to promote sustainable development. Social, environmental and economic aspects are all taken into consideration. Sustainability Appraisal (SA) is a compulsory requirement under the 2004 Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act and the 2001/42/EEC European Directive.

Sustainable Drainage System

The term Sustainable Drainage Systems covers the range of drainage elements for managing surface water in a way which is more sympathetic to the natural and human environment than conventional below-ground drainage systems.

Thames Basin Heaths Special Protection Area (SPA)

A European designated site which has been identified as being of international importance for the breeding, feeding, wintering or migration of rare and vulnerable species of birds. The Thames Basin Heaths SPA includes areas of heathland across Surrey, Hampshire and Berkshire. All of Surrey Heath Borough lies within the 5km buffer zone of the SPA and also contains areas of the SPA itself.

Transport Modelling

Modelling undertaken by Surrey County Council on behalf of Surrey heath Borough Council to set out baseline traffic modelling and to model future requirements that may be necessary to meet the spatial strategy set out in a Local Plan.

Travelling Showpeople

Members of a group organised for the purposes of holding fairs, circuses or shows (whether or not travelling together as such).This includes such persons who on the grounds of their own or their family's or dependants' more localised pattern of trading, educational or health needs or old age have ceased to travel temporarily, but excludes Gypsies and Travellers as defined above.

Water Cycle Study

The three neighbouring local authorities of Hart District Council, Rushmoor Borough Council and Surrey Heath Borough Council have chosen to partner together to commission the preparation of a Water Cycle Study (WCS) establishing a framework for co-operation. The purpose of this joint partnership detailed WCS is to inform preparation of each of the local authorities' Local Plan as part of the evidence base, and will seek to ensure that future development does not have a damaging effect on the water environment across the study area.

Windfall Allowance

The predicted number of dwellings that may come forward each year on sites that have not been identified through the Local Plan process. Normally relates to previously developed sites in settlements.

Windfall Sites

Sites which have not been specifically identified as available in the Local Plan process. They normally comprise previously developed sites that have unexpectedly become available.